Piezoelectric micromachined ultrasonic transducers in consumer electronics
Professor David Horsley
Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering
University of California, Davis
Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center
Micromachined ultrasonic transducers (MUTs) are best known for their use in medical imaging, a field where imaging performance dominates over features such as transducer size, weight, power consumption and cost. In comparison, these features are the main drivers for the success of MEMS in consumer electronics and automotive applications, such as pressure sensors, accelerometers, gyroscopes, and microphones. These MEMS sensors replaced their conventional counterparts and enabled novel and unexpected applications where low cost, small size, light weight, and ultra-low power consumption are critical. In this talk, I describe ultrasonic sensors based on piezoelectric MUTs (PMUTs) intended for consumer electronics applications such as range-finding and fingerprint sensing. A common characteristic of these applications is that they require manufacturing at high volume with relatively low cost. We have developed air-coupled ultrasonic sensors based on PMUTs that operate at 10 microwatts. Relative to optical sensors, these ultrasonic sensors have the advantage of very low power consumption and long range. In related research, we demonstrated a 500 DPI ultrasonic fingerprint sensor that has similar resolution to Apple’s TouchID sensor but the added advantages that it is capable of imaging wet or oily fingers and can image the dermis beneath the surface of the finger.
David A. Horsley received his PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1998. From 1998 to 2003, he held research and development positions at Dicon Fiberoptics and Hewlett Packard Laboratories and helped to co-found Onix Microsystems, a manufacturer of fiber-optic switching components. Since 2003, he has been a Professor in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of California, Davis, and he is a Co-Director of the Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center (BSAC). Professor Horsley is the Co-Founder and CTO of Chirp Microsystems Inc., a manufacturer of ultrasonic sensors using MEMS technology and the Co-Founder of Picosense Inc, a developer of low-noise magnetoresistive sensors, and. He is a recipient of the National Science Foundation’s CAREER Award, the Outstanding Junior Faculty Award at UC Davis, the 2016 NSF I/UCRC Association’s Schwarzkopf Award for Technological Innovation, and has authored or co-authored over 150 scientific papers and holds over 20 patents.